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9. July 2019 – 10:05

Gradskoj skupštini Grada Zagreba

Mi smo skupina međunarodnih sveučilišnih profesora i stručnjaka u području urbanog planiranja i razvoja koja je ove godine posjetila Zagreb u sklopu svoje 29. godišnje konferencije. Posjedujemo stručnost i znanje po pitanju projekata uz obalne pojaseve (tzv. waterfronts) u gradovima poput Londona, Amsterdama, Hamburga, Barcelone, Bostona, New Yorka, Toronta, Vancouvera, Hong Konga, Beograda, Sydneya i Melbourna. Za vrijeme posjeta izrazito nas je zabrinula informacija da bi Zagreb mogao slijediti primjer gradova koji su privatizirali i posljedično uništili svoj obalni pojas kroz projekte tzv. urbane regeneracije slične projektu ‘Zagrebačkog Manhattana’.

Ako Gradska skupština odobri izmjene Generalnog urbanističkog plana koji bi omogućio realizaciju “Zagrebačkog Manhattana”, Zagreb će biti izložen velikoj opasnosti. Širom svijeta
vidjeli smo da predaja zemljišta u ruke međunarodnim investitorima, bez jasno postavljenih demokratskih procedura i uvjeta, obično rezultira izgradnjom građevina koje izvlače vrijednost iz grada, a ne doprinose potrebama tog grada. Takvi projekti uvijek se planiraju i grade na način da pogoduju interesima globalne, mobilne elite, a vode malo ili nimalo računa o potrebama lokalnog stanovništva. Programirani su na način da su odvojeni od grada i imaju vrlo usko i isključivo shvaćanje urbanog života i kulture. Također, imaju minimalnu ili nikakvu obvezu da služe javnom interesu i isključivo su orijentirani na stvaranje profita za investitore. Svjedočili smo mnogim takvim slučajevima u drugim svjetskim gradovima gdje je gradska uprava, nakon što bi žrtvovala vrijedno zemljište, imala malu ili nikakvu proračunsku korist jer su investitori skloni iskorištavanju poreznih olakšica i kreativnom računovodstvu.

Ne postoje istraživanja koja dokazuju da su ovakvi projekti u drugim gradovima rezultirali pozitivnom ekonomskom ili društvenom promjenom. Ne moramo se zagledati daleko: samo 400 km niz istu rijeku možemo vidjeti da sličan projekt u Beogradu nije donio ekonomski razvoj gradu, nije privukao kvalitetne poslove i već se pokazao štetnim za zdravlje i životni standard stanovnika.

Pogotovo zabrinjavajućim u slučaju izmjena Generalnog urbanističkog plana Grada Zagreba smatramo potpuno nepoštivanje mišljenja građana i mnogih stručnih udruženja koji su izrazili svoje protivljenje kršenju formalnih i demokratskih procedura, poput potrebe da se o izmjenama organizira javna rasprava. Također je alarmantna činjenica da se ‘Zagrebački Manhattan’ dogovara iza zatvorenih vrata bez javnosti dostupnih informacija o detaljima projekta ili potpisanom memorandumu o razumijevanju s investitorom te s ciničnim rokom od samo 18 dana za javni poziv investitorima za iskazivanje interesa u realizaciji projekta na površini od preko milijun kvadratnih metara.

Unatoč tome što se razvoj ovog područja pažljivo planirao preko 60 godina, uključujući i recentnu studiju Arhitektonskog fakulteta o Zagrebačkom velesajmu koju je naručio Grad Zagreb, najvažnije odluke o budućnosti ovog područja sada se donose nevjerojatno ishitreno, pri čemu je jedino sigurno da se radi o prijenosu velike količine javnog vlasništva u privatne ruke.

S druge strane, mnogi bi vam gradovi zavidjeli na onome što imate – jedinstveni pojas javne zelene površine uz riječnu obalu koji prolazi središtem grada. Ovakva vrijedna imovina postajat će sve dragocjenija kako se gradovi budu morali sve više prilagođavati rastućim rizicima koje donose klimatske promjene. Zeleni pojas oko rijeke Save već predstavlja zaštitnu mjeru protiv urbanih toplinskih otoka jer stabla i ostala vegetacija hlade grad i doprinose bioraznolikosti. Također, kao javne zelene površine, ova područja doprinose fizičkom i mentalnom zdravlju svih građana koji ih koriste. Njihova iskoristivost u smislu prostora za rekreaciju, biološke i okolišne vrijednosti može se dodatno unaprijediti, no jedino ako grad zadrži vlasništvo i kontrolu nad njima.

Istovremeno, impresionirani smo bogatstvom institucija i civilnog društva koje se razvilo u Zagrebu i koje je zaista neobično i distinktivno obilježje grada, te sukladno tome apeliramo na zastupnike Gradske skupštine da uzmu u obzir postojeću građansku participaciju i prigovore koje su građani iznijeli – naročito više od 14 000 potpisa koji su dosad prikupljeni protiv uništavanja sportsko-rekreacijske zone i realizacije ovog projekta.

Ovim pismom mi, istraživači, stručnjaci i profesori sa sveučilišta u Londonu, Torontu, Amsterdamu, Berlinu, Parizu, Ateni, Zurichu, Melbourneu i mnogim drugim gradovima, apeliramo na zastupnike da odbace predložene izmjene Generalnog urbanističkog plana kojima se omogućuje realizacija projekta ‘Zagrebačkog Manhattana’. Ukoliko dozvolite da se to dogodi, vi ćete kao demokratski izabrani predstavnici svih građana Zagreba izgubiti mogućnost da planirate i razvijate svoj grad. Time ćete grad predati u ruke globalnim investitorima koji ne odgovaraju nikakvom institutu demokracije.

Apeliramo da dopustite građanima, a time i sebi, raspravu o tome na koji način ovaj javni prostor može i dalje služiti cijelom gradu, i da to napravite prije nego se obvežete bilo kakvim investitorima.

Nedjelja, 7. srpnja 2019., Zagreb
INURA Hardturmstr. 261, CH-8005 Zürich, Switzerland,
contact@inura.org

10. July 2018 – 15:07

Warsaw – dérive No 72

Now out: A reader on Warsaw has been edited (in English) by the dérive journal and the INURA 2018 conference organisers in Warsaw.

All conference participants were happy to get one of these substantial readers on historical and present urban development.

Orders, Contents and other information: http://www.derive.at

18. January 2018 – 10:49

New Book

Schwarz, A. (2017): Demanding Water. A Sociospatial Approach to Domestic Water Use in Mexico City. Megacities and Global Change, Vol. 22. Stuttgart: Steiner. Orders: http://www.steiner-verlag.de/programm/fachbuch/geographie/reihen/view/titel/61307.html

6. January 2017 – 10:29

NEW Book

Governing Cities through Regions
Canadian and European Perspectives
edited by Roger Keil; Julie-Anne Boudreau; Stefan Kipfer & Pierre Hamel
https://www.wlupress.wlu.ca/Books/G/Governing-Cities-through-Regions

16. December 2016 – 18:48

16-12-16 Open letter to the Senate of Berlin for a just procedure for Andrej Holm, State Secretary of Housing in Berlin

We, the researchers, scholars and members of the International Network for Urban Research and Action, welcome the new Senate of Berlin committing to address a pressing concern of Berliners: the need for affordable housing. Adequate housing provision has become increasingly out of reach for many residents – not only in Berlin. Today, the lack of affordable decent housing, the upgrading of urban centers, displacement pres-sures and homelessness for low-income groups are global phenomena. These are big challenges for cities but research has shown that local governments can make a difference in alleviating the exclusionary ef-fects of market distribution of housing. For this task local governments need to harness the expertise and political will in order to devise and implement new regulations that protect tenants and new investment in fair housing production.

We are therefore gravely concerned about the media-driven political delegitimation campaign towards Dr. Andrej Holm who has been ap-pointed as secretary of state for housing by the Berlin Senate.

This does not appear to be a coincidence. Dr. Holm is an internationally renown scholar who has advanced critical research on housing devel-opments and gentrification. His research has contributed to our understanding of the dynamics of market and government forces at play, and he has advanced urban research by developing instruments for measur-ing and quantifying the effects of gentrification. Furthermore, Dr. Holm stands out prominently as public intellectual who, over the years, has offered his expertise to public and political dialogue and debates – while at the same time not shying back from questioning the prevalent rules of the game that have contributed to segregation and social problemes. Holm has proposed constructive policy reforms to address problems of gentrification and segregation through innovative policies and regulations for the housing market.

If the new Berlin Senate is committed to fulfill its central promise of housing as a basic right for all Berlin residents, it will profit tremen-dously by the critical, committed and progressive thinking Dr. Holm brings to designing and implementing adequate new policy.

The current attacks on Dr. Andrej Holm seek to de-legitimize his role as new secretary of state for housing by highlighting his training with the GDR secret police when he was a teenager. Of course it is a necessary routine procedure to investigate the involvement in detail as a basis for a democratic decisionmaking process. But a fair investigation takes time and there is no evidence that his involvement included activities that harmed anybody. The basic principle of presuming innocence until any deeds are proven must be attained. The current inflammatory media campaign is not conducive for a fair and democratic process of deliberation.

Almost ten years ago, INURA stepped up to protest against accusations against Dr. Holm, which turned out to be completely unfounded. Once again we demand from the political representatives of Berlin govern-ment to provide fair and considerate treatment to evaluate the accusa-tions against Andrej Holm and to withstand preemptive judgement. We cannot allow the premature eviction of critical and progressive voices from the political debate on how to ensure affordable housing for all in Berlin. We encourage all political actors in Berlin to withstand efforts that seek to maintain existing inequalities and to stay the course to achieve more just cities. We know in this work Dr. Holm has an im-portant contribution to offer.

Researchers, Scholars and Members of the International Network for Urban Research and Activism, INURA

15. September 2016 – 18:52

26th INURA Conference held successfully

From September 4-7, 2016 the 26th INURA Conference was held in Bucharest, Romania. Tours and visits, lectures and talks were carefully put together and allowed the participants to get an insight, both, critical and knowledgeable about history and today’s issues of the 7th biggest city in Europe. Spaces of confusion, places of hope were shown and discussed on issues like housing, social justice, traffic, transport, greenspace, participation and administration in a city that had undergone major changes in recent history, especially the end of the Ceausescu-regime era which is still is in every room as an elephant you can not see as one of the local organisers pointed out in the opening evening – in the parliament building, 2nd largest after pentagon.

16. May 2016 – 10:28

Belgrade – absurde activities

Midnight bulldozers clear way for UAE-$$ Belgrade mega-project.
read more http://www.euractiv.com/section/enlargement/news/thugs-destroy-buildings-in-belgrade-while-police-look-the-other-way/

10. May 2016 – 18:16

25 years INURA

Happy Birthday INURA! the International Network for Urban Research and Action was founded 25 years ago, in May 1991, by a group of 21 people setting up the INURA principles in Salecina, Switzerland.

1. March 2016 – 11:36

Community-Led Plan for London

This is of interest to many INURiAns and others: Towards a Community-Led Plan for London. All the London INURA people involved. justspace.org.uk. Free download: http://bit.ly/1L4BX8y

22. February 2016 – 10:35

Athens: Embros Theater under threat

The Free Self-Organized theatre EMBROS in Athens GR is under threat. Electricity was cut off by TAIPED* who aims at selling the real-estate. http://www.embros.gr
* TAIPED, the Hellenic Republic Asset Development Fund (HRADF) was established on 1st July 2011 (L. 3986/2011), under the medium-term fiscal strategy. The new law aimed to restrict governmental intervention in the privatisation process, and its further development within a fully professional context (quote TAIPED website).

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